Nduga, Jubi – On Wednesday (9/1/2019), the sixteen-years-old Inambo Tabuni just arrived in Wamena, and she told her story in a refugee camp.
“Soldiers came by helicopter; a bomb dropped into the village.
People fled to the forest to save their lives. Many parents were separated with their children, while those who’re in refugee camp feel grateful that they can run away,” she recounted the incident occurred in the mid-December 2018.
The refugees take shelter in provisional tents and caves in the forest. They have insufficient food to eat. Men took a risk walking dozens of kilometres to reach gardens. They gathered sweet potatoes and taros from the garden in the night.
“It helped us to stand for two or three days. After that, men will return to the garden and come back in the night,” she said.
According to her refugees are distributed into small groups to a big group. “Each group contains at least ten people or more.”
She also revealed their suffering living in a refugee camp. “It seems that we are living in someone else’s place. We want to live safely in our village.”
When she arrived in Mbua from Dal, a pregnant woman Selfina Lokbere (32 years old) just came from a refugee camp, and last week Lokbere reportedly had a delivery complication. Both mother and child died.
Selfina Lokbere, who was the wife of Yakerena Umangge, reportedly gave birth to twins. Her first twin managed to be smoothly born, while the second got stuck during delivery.
“The second child did not come out, so the mother tried to pull her baby out, but she couldn’t make it.”
Meanwhile, Elinaus Tabuni, a member of the health care team of Papua Province in Mbua Sub-district, Nduga Regency, confirmed the incident that occurred on 2 January 2019.
“This woman just arrived from the forest and gave birth. She had only a child who died with her during the delivery,” he said.
Further, the congregation of Imanuel Church of Mbua takes care of the funeral of Selfina Lokbere and her child, while the medical team checked the rest of her family. It turns out that she has other six children who are still alive. They are Esok Umangge (7), Londice Umangge (8), Ason Umangge (9), Jemison Umangge (3), and the twins Rinthi dan Rentha (2,6). Currently, the twins of the late Selfina Lokbere, Rinthi and Rentha then raised by Gelipa Tabuni, their mother’s relative.
In the meantime, locals said the cause of her death is because she didn’t eat and drink well while in the refugee camp, whereas the medical team thought it’s possibly because of her giving birth too often.
Meanwhile, related to Nduga refugees, the Secretary of Youth Church Solidarity Alfonsa Wayap said three children were reported dead in refugee camp due to malnutrition. The children Ubugina Unue (2), Bugun Unue (1) and Raina Kogoya (5) died in Yal Sub-district.
The local also said there are ten pregnant women among them. “Some already give births while some are waiting for the due date.” (*)
Reporter: Benny Mawel
Editor: Pipit Maizier
The marketing strategy of Papuan woman traders to survive amid the pandemic
Papua, Jubi – The COVID-19 outbreak has emerged a new dilemma for everybody. On the one hand, they should restrict their activities, but on the other hand, they have to work to get income for their families.
A consumer Delia Mallo said she is very concerned about Papuan women traders at Pharaa traditional market in Sentani, Jayapura Regency during the pandemic.
“It’s so sad to see them should go home early while not many people could come to buy their commodities,” Mallo said when shopping in Pharaa Market on Thursday (25/6/2020).
The restriction during the pandemic made the traders go home earlier than usual, and people’s concern about the coronavirus transmission has increasingly impacted on the traders’ income.
“Since the emergence of COVID-19, I am worried (to stay longer in the market). After buying fish, I immediately go home,” said Mallo.
Because they have to go home early, traders reduce the price of their commodities to prevent substantial loss because of rot.
Tilapia fish, for example, is priced at half of its regular price. The fish harvested from Lake Sentani is usually sold for Rp 80 to 100 thousand per pile, but now sold for only Rp 40 to 50 thousand per pile. Each pile can weigh more than 1 kilogram.
“To be sold, so we just let it go at a low price. The important thing is we can still get money for trading tomorrow,” said Anace Suebu.
Mrs Suebu displayed her fish on a 2 x 3 meters table at the Pharaa Market, and her income has significantly decreased since the COVID-19 pandemic. “I could usually take Rp 1 million a day before the pandemic, but now it’s crushed,” she said.
As a result, she also needs to restrict her purchase. She could no longer be able to buy fish at large quantities. Her income has significantly declined, while she still has to continue spending money for daily needs.
“I told my customers to be patient. I cannot buy fish at large quantities because I don’t have sufficient money,” said the mother of four.
The new dilemma that emerged due to the COVID-19 is not only happening to Suebu but also hundreds or even thousands of Papuan woman traders. Their economy has suffered due to the pandemic.
“I used to bake (sell) twenty pieces of bread, but it’s only 15 now for Rp 15 thousand per piece,” said Karolina Fonataba who usually sells bread in the Pharaa Market.
During the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Fonataba, a woman of Biak Numfor, had moved her business to the former Doyo Baru Market. She did it to cope with the restriction rule applied in Jayapura Regency. Because she lives near the market, she can adjust her trading time. Also, she adds another commodity to sell, namely sago, which she sold for Rp 10 to 20 thousand per piece.
“Relying on the income from selling bread is not enough (for daily needs).”
However, she could not stay longer in the new location and decided to return to the Pharaa Market by selling the same commodities, bread and sago.
“In the former Doyo Baru Market, there were even fewer consumers. It was only 5-10 pieces of bread sold (every day),” told this sixty-five years old woman.
Although she has added the items of her commodities and returned to the Pharaa Market, her income is still far lower than in the usual time. “I could get Rp 150-200 thousand in the past, but now it declines to Rp 50-100 thousand, while a sack of sago usually sold out in three days, but now it takes a week.”
To survive during the pandemic, Fonataba has attempted various ways. “I also deliver (sell) the bread from door to door. The customers can pay whenever they can.”
In the meantime, Mariche also applied a similar strategy of survival during the COVID-19 pandemic. She sells betel nuts at the former Doyo Baru Market. “Although people say the COVID-19 is dangerous, I keep selling. If not, we cannot eat.”
However, Mariche, a woman from Demta, has to deal with her stock purchase to avoid loss. “I used to buy 2-3 sacks, but now it’s reduced. I run out of money, while fewer customers come to buy.”(*)
Reporter: Yance Wenda
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Illegal gold mining in Jayapura has been happening since 2001
Jayapura, Jubi – Jayapura Municipal Police arrested 17 people who allegedly were involved in illegal gold mining in Bumi Perkemahan (Buper) Waena, Jayapura City on Friday, 26 June 2020.
“These seventeen people are operators of heavy equipment and worker coordinators. There are about 70 people involved in this business,” Jayapura Municipal Police Chief Gustav Urbinas told reporters on Friday (26/6/2020).
In their operation, the Police also seized two units of construction equipment, six excavators, liquid mercury and eleven jerrycans of diesel fuel.
Police Chief Urbinas said he received a report on this illegal activity two months ago, but at that time he could not arrest those who were involved because they escaped the mining site.
Illegal miners have carried out their activity in Buper, Waena, since 2001 because this sector was promising to generate income.
Four years ago, a gold miner Frans told suara.com about his experience regarding this illegal activity. He said people only need simple equipment such as a hoe, pan, and sifter for doing this activity. He further explained that all panning processes were traditional, starting from finding rocks, crushing it and putting the grinds in the pan. After mixing with water, the grids would look like porridge, and through the panning process, we can see gold flakes. However, to get gold containing rocks was not simple. People should dig at least three meters depth under the ground.
“But not all rocks we met contained gold. We would find out about the weight and type of gold after mixing it into liquid mercury,” he told suara.com.
Considering this, the income of gold miners was uncertain. If they were lucky, he and his friends could get 20 to 100 grams of 24 carats which could trade at Rp 400 thousand per gram.
“It’s all depending on the current gold price. It fluctuated following the increase in the oil price. But its price now is Rp 400 thousand,” he said.
Ten years ago, the Jayapura Municipal Government had attempted to stop the illegal mining in Buper that has been happening since 2001. But, the Ondofolo (Tribal Chief) of Kampung Babrongko Waena, Ramses Wally, disagreed with the city government.
At that time, Ramses said if the city government banned this panning activity, they should provide job opportunities to those illegal gold miners. (*)
Reporter: Victor Mambor
Editor: Pipit Maizier
Papuan footballers and high education
Jayapura, Jubi – Ferinando Pahabol, a Papuan footballer who currently plays for Persipura, admitted that he decided to become a footballer because of his talent and hobby. But, his parents wanted him to be more concerned about his education than playing football.
Football is a popular game for children in Papua. They play football on the street, and create a local freestyle football known as ‘patah kaleng’. In this local freestyle, the goal gates are made from cans (kaleng) and no goalkeeper. Instead, all players are strikers and defenders at the same time.
Papuan children often have a dream of becoming a footballer, but their parents would never let them go further.
“Do you think you can count on football when you grow up?” said the parents who thought there is no future in football.
Yanto Rudolf Basna, a Papuan footballer from Sorong Selatan, thought he must finish his study at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. Therefore, he posted his gratitude on Facebook when he finally graduated after being studying for about six years, even though he is currently a centre-back defender of Sukhotai FC who competes in Thailand League. Basna previously played for Khon Kaen of Thai League 2 in 2018 but was not capable of upgrading the club to Thai League 1.
According to transfermarkt, Basna signed a contract of £125 thousand or Rp 2,212 milliard, while the most expensive Papuan footballer Boaz Sollosa get paid £275 thousand or Rp 4,42 milliard. Another footballer Osvaldo Haay got a contract of £300 thousand or Rp 5,795 million, and Ferinando Pahabol signed an agreement of £125 thousand or Rp 2,196 milliard.
However, although he has a high-value contract, Basna still needs to finish his study at Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta. He admitted to doing his exams online and has to complete his education for almost six years. He said he must fulfil his parents’ wish for him to finish his higher education at university.
“Thank God that after six years, I passed my thesis exam. Although it was online, it would not reduce my happiness,” he said on his Facebook.
Moreover, Basna, who was a former national team captain, said education is one of his burdens during his career as a professional footballer. But he finally can get through it. “It’s one of my personal goals that comes through,” said Basna.
“I remember that ten years ago before I went to Uruguay, my father, my mother, and my young siblings were sitting in the living room. Then my father asked me, “do you want to go to school or play football?” he wrote.
Without a second thought, Basna decided to play football because at that time he had an opportunity to train in Uruguay. His fellow team in SSB Numbay Star, Terens Puhiri, followed his step a year later. According to former SSB Numbay Star the late Amos Makanway, his two players Terens Puhiri and Yanto Basna had stood out since they were at Numbay Star soccer school.
“Then my father said it’s fine if it was your decision, and I got support from my family. However, my father gave me one condition, that I should give 60 per cent of my efforts to football and 40 per cent for school, and I cannot leave one of them,” said Basna.
His father’s advice becomes his reminder to keep his focus on one thing, that is his football talent. However, he is also aware that he cannot undermine another important thing, namely higher education.
Other footballers also have parents who want them to keep playing football but finish school at the same time. Take an example of three Persipura players, Gerald Rudolf Pangkali, Ferinando Pahabol, and Ronny Esar Beroperay. They all graduated from Cenderawasih University. Earlier, other footballers Ian Kabes, Stevie Bonsapia, Boaz T Solossa and Ortizan Solossa also finished their study from Cenderawasih University. (*)
Reporter: Dominggus Mampioper
Editor: Pipit Maizier
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