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Indigenous Papuans Under Constant Threat

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The recent arrests of nearly 1,500 protesters in Jayapura are part of a broader systematic oppression of Papuans by the Indonesian government - Jubi

The recent arrests of nearly 1,500 protesters in Jayapura are part of a broader systematic oppression of Papuans by the Indonesian government – Jubi

Jayapura, Jubi – A member of the Papua Legislative Counci,l Ruben Magai, said the news that  indigenous Papuans have died in gun violence was not a new thing, whether by unidentified groups or the military/police personnel.

He said after Indonesian President Soekarno launched Tri Komando Rakyat (Trikora/Three People’s Command) on 19 December 1961, the state has always used guns to control indigenous Papuans.
In a recent incident, mobile brigade police personnel allegedly shot a 15-year old teenager in Sugapa, Intan Jaya
“I think these ways have been occurred since long time ago. Since Trikora, the indigenous Papuans have become the victims. no other way used by this country except doing the violation by State’s apparatus. Many cases are not finished. Now Papuan people are confusing where to find justice,” said Magai to Jubi on Thursday (8/9/2016).
According to him, the indigenous Papuans have been traumatic; furthermore Papua was the Military District Operation. At that time, the Indonesian Military known as ABRI was more dominant. Now their role was taken over by the Police while it is the law enforcement among the people.
“It is not a new thing. It has been occurred for decades if the perpetrators were part of security apparatus, even they had a legal process. It doesn’t work. It is wasted. At the end the perpetrators would be released. The military/police approach in Papua was different with other regions. No human approach,” he said.
He said the approach used by the security apparatus in Papua showed their education and knowledge on human rights violation is still low, though their slogan is to serve and to protect.
“Now the approach is no longer human, but violence approach. If people were drunk or lost control, they need to be reminded not to be shot dead as happened in Sugapa. The Police didn’t carry out their duty properly. It seems they have lost control,” he said.
Other Papuan legislator, Emus Gwijangge considered most of security officers in Papua might not know their task and duty very well. “Consequently there are some culprits have wounded their institution because of their arrogance,” said Emus to Jubi some times ago.
He said using the guns in facing the civilians is not a solution. It is the out-of-dated ways applied by the old order. The security force should use a persuasive way to handle the problems among the community. (*/rom)

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The marketing strategy of Papuan woman traders to survive amid the pandemic

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Illustration betel nut seller. – Jubi

Papua, Jubi – The COVID-19 outbreak has emerged a new dilemma for everybody. On the one hand, they should restrict their activities, but on the other hand, they have to work to get income for their families.

A consumer Delia Mallo said she is very concerned about Papuan women traders at Pharaa traditional market in Sentani, Jayapura Regency during the pandemic.

“It’s so sad to see them should go home early while not many people could come to buy their commodities,” Mallo said when shopping in Pharaa Market on Thursday (25/6/2020).

The restriction during the pandemic made the traders go home earlier than usual, and people’s concern about the coronavirus transmission has increasingly impacted on the traders’ income.

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“Since the emergence of COVID-19, I am worried (to stay longer in the market). After buying fish, I immediately go home,” said Mallo.

Because they have to go home early, traders reduce the price of their commodities to prevent substantial loss because of rot.

Tilapia fish, for example, is priced at half of its regular price. The fish harvested from Lake Sentani is usually sold for Rp 80 to 100 thousand per pile, but now sold for only Rp 40 to 50 thousand per pile. Each pile can weigh more than 1 kilogram.

“To be sold, so we just let it go at a low price. The important thing is we can still get money for trading tomorrow,” said Anace Suebu.

Mrs Suebu displayed her fish on a 2 x 3 meters table at the Pharaa Market, and her income has significantly decreased since the COVID-19 pandemic. “I could usually take Rp 1 million a day before the pandemic, but now it’s crushed,” she said.

As a result, she also needs to restrict her purchase. She could no longer be able to buy fish at large quantities. Her income has significantly declined, while she still has to continue spending money for daily needs.

“I told my customers to be patient. I cannot buy fish at large quantities because I don’t have sufficient money,” said the mother of four.

New Dilemma 

The new dilemma that emerged due to the COVID-19 is not only happening to Suebu but also hundreds or even thousands of Papuan woman traders. Their economy has suffered due to the pandemic.

“I used to bake (sell) twenty pieces of bread, but it’s only 15 now for Rp 15 thousand per piece,” said Karolina Fonataba who usually sells bread in the Pharaa Market.

During the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Fonataba, a woman of Biak Numfor, had moved her business to the former Doyo Baru Market. She did it to cope with the restriction rule applied in Jayapura Regency. Because she lives near the market, she can adjust her trading time. Also, she adds another commodity to sell, namely sago, which she sold for Rp 10 to 20 thousand per piece.

“Relying on the income from selling bread is not enough (for daily needs).”

However, she could not stay longer in the new location and decided to return to the Pharaa Market by selling the same commodities, bread and sago.

“In the former Doyo Baru Market, there were even fewer consumers. It was only 5-10 pieces of bread sold (every day),” told this sixty-five years old woman.

Although she has added the items of her commodities and returned to the Pharaa Market, her income is still far lower than in the usual time. “I could get Rp 150-200 thousand in the past, but now it declines to Rp 50-100 thousand, while a sack of sago usually sold out in three days, but now it takes a week.”

To survive during the pandemic, Fonataba has attempted various ways. “I also deliver (sell) the bread from door to door. The customers can pay whenever they can.”

In the meantime, Mariche also applied a similar strategy of survival during the COVID-19 pandemic. She sells betel nuts at the former Doyo Baru Market. “Although people say the COVID-19 is dangerous, I keep selling. If not, we cannot eat.”

However, Mariche, a woman from Demta, has to deal with her stock purchase to avoid loss. “I used to buy 2-3 sacks, but now it’s reduced. I run out of money, while fewer customers come to buy.”(*)

 

Reporter: Yance Wenda

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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When Persipura fights racism on the field

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Persipura when rehearsing Batu, Malang not long ago. – Jubi/courtesy

Jayapura, Jubi – Sometimes people think that the football competition in Indonesia was free of racism, but it wasn’t, especially during the match or practised before the game.

It was even getting worse when the referee gave a controversial decision that made players explosively emotional.

Persipura former head coach M Raja Isa from Malaysia once warned his players to be cautious during the match when the referee often gave a controversial decision which can trigger players to be emotional and lose concentration on the game.

“Though we always prayed such disruptions often came either from rival teams, supporters or referees,” he told Jubi.co.id.

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And at such times like these, they heard racial slurs come out from those who watched them practice or played in the match.

Coach Isa had told his concerns to Koran Tempo, 22 December 2007 when Persipura had a lousy experience while playing in Balikpapan and Jepara.” The boys couldn’t concentrate on the match because people shouted them ‘monkey’.”

According to him, his players often got racial slurs from supporters that disturbed their concentration.

Another case was experiencing Persipura coach from Brazil Jacksen F Tiago who said the insults to the players and coach of Persipura team must always get rewarded with victory and support from all supporters in Papua. Therefore, he was prancing around when Nelson Alom set a goal for Persipura team to defeat Sriwijaya FC at Jakabaring Stadium amid racism insults and shouts.

In response to racism slurs in the Indonesian football, an Aremania supporter from Depok sent a letter to Tabloid Bola edition Tuesday, 15-22 December 2009 with the title ‘Apologies for Persipura’.

In his letter, he said,” “As a supporter of Aremania, I regretted to see the match coloured with racist shouts from the audience at Kanjuruhan Stadium, Malang…

To all members of Persipura team and their supporters, especially Jayapura residents, I on behalf of Aremania throughout Indonesia sincerely apologise if some Aremania/Aremanita had hurt your feelings,”

Meanwhile, the Chairman of Discipline Commission of Indonesian Liga Board at that time, Hinca Panjaitan, did not give any penalties to the audience because of lack of evidence. However, Persipura player Ortisan Solossa got mad and crushed the stadium’s bench at that time because of this racial slurs, and Persipura should pay a fine for his action.

“We understand they did it to respond to racial slurs from the audience,” said Panjaitan at that time. Consequently, Persipura famously known as Mutiara Hitam, the Black Pearl, must pay a fine of Rp 5 million in the ISL 2009/2010 competition in the match between Persipura versus Arema FC.

Concerning racial slurs, the Organizing Committee of Arema FC Abdul Haris had appealed Arema supporters not to sing racism chants on the match Persipura versus Arema FC held in the sixth week of Liga 1 2018 on Friday (27/4/2018) at Kanjuruhan Stadium, Malang.

Haris admitted that those racial chants often performed every time their team played against Persipura.

It needs a tough mentality

The European League has returned to the game after some break due to the pandemic, but have football supporters stopped their monkey’s shouts?, a columnist from face2face Africa.com criticising racial shouts and chants towards the African players. Have we turned our monkey chants out of the corner? Would we still hear how “strong” but not “smart’ African players should?

It needs a tough mentality for any African or black footballers everywhere in the world to face racial shouts, especially when they get compared to a monkey. Those players had experienced hearing a monkey-like sound to get banana peels thrown in the stadium.

Even former Barcelona striker Samuel Eto from Kamerun should mimic monkey’s walk every time he set a goal on the match. No anger anymore, but humour.

Meanwhile, the England team winger Raheem Sterling also commented on the racism acts during a match versus Montenegro. The 24 years old player experienced racial shouts when the England team played against Montenegro in the Euro 2020 qualification round at Pod Goricom Stadium on Tuesday (23/3/2019).

There was a scream mimicking the monkey’s voice aimed at this black England player. It was not acceptable but still happened today. The racism against black football players gave them patience and a tough mentality to compete on national, regional and international levels. It encourages FIFA to announce that it will fight racism in world football. (*)

 

Reporter: Dominggus Mampioper

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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Health & Education Service

Asiki resident died in a health clinic after allegedly tortured by a police officer

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Marius Betera, a resident of Asiki Sub-district, Boven Digoel Regency, who died after allegedly tortured by a police officer. – IST

Jayapura, Jubi – A resident of Asiki Sub-district, Boven Digoel Regency, Papua died in a health clinic of a palm oil plantation company PT Tunas Sawa Erma on Saturday (16/5/2020). Prior to his death, a police officer reportedly tortured him.

The apostolic administrator of the Merauke Archdiocese Monseigneur Petrus Canisius Mandagi MSC asked the authority to investigate the incident and its perpetrator accordingly. Meanwhile, Yan Christian Warinussy, the Executive Director of the Institute for Research, Investigation and Development of Legal Aid (LP3BH) Manokwari, asked the National Human Rights Commission (Komnas HAM) to intervene the investigation.

On Saturday morning Marius Betera found banana plants in his garden located in the plantation area of PT Tunas Sawa Ema (TSE) in Camp 19 destroyed. Hence, he thought the company’s excavator did it.

He then went to the police station in Camp 19 to file a complaint. When he couldn’t meet the police officers there, he went to PT TSE’s office to express his grievance. He complained that the management of PT TSE never gave him a notice about the area clearing. It made him upset and at the same time, lost.

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When leaving the company’s office, Betera met a police officer with the initial “M”. He punched and kicked him on the stomach in front of the employees of PT TSE. From some witnesses, Jubi received information saying that Betera’s ear was bleeding from the beating.

Around 11 pm, Betera returned to the police station at Camp 19 to file a complaint on his persecution but couldn’t meet anyone there. Around 1 pm, he felt unwell. People bought him to the health clinic of PT TSE at Camp 19. He then reportedly died in that clinic.

Concerning his death, the Apostolic Administrator of the Merauke Archdiocese Monseigneur Petrus Canisius Mandagi MSC asked for investigation over the incident and said the perpetrator should go on trial. “I strongly condemn this murder. Killing anyone is a crime against humanity. Anyone who perpetrated this murder, especially if he was a member of security forces, must immediately be arrested, tried and punished,” said the bishop.

Bishop Mandagi firmly said that Papuans, like any other human races, are a picture of God. He warned that every police officer stationed in Papua should represent a character of security forces who commit to protecting people.

“It means the police should protect the entire people, not only those who work in the company. If there is a problem, they should put a dialogue as a priority, not violence,” said the bishop.

Separately, the Executive Director of LP3BH Manokwari Yan Christian Warinussy stated the alleged persecution towards Marius Betera must be thoroughly investigated. He said this violence act might involve some other police officers.

Therefore, he urged the National Human Rights Commission to intervene in the investigation of this case. “We urge the National Human Rights Commission to get involved in the investigation over this case. This case should be openly investigated, [so that’ the perpetrator can be examined and tried before the Merauke District Court,” he said. (*)

 

Jubi journalist Victor Mambor contributed in this article

 

Reporter: Angela Flassy

Editor: Pipit Maizier

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